Chapters 9 & 10 Transversal Politics

I would like to open up with a passage from the book which I think is vital in explaining what transversal politics is, and I quote, “Within the assumptions of transversalism, participants bring with them a “rooting” in their own particular group histories, but at the same time realize that in order to engage in dialogue across multiple markers of difference, they must “shift” from their own centers (Collins 265).” Collins is showing us how various groups of women have their own unique experiences but at the same token share similar experiences that may be able to help other women from different cultures and backgrounds progress without tearing up their own roots. Also in this quote Collins is supporting unity amongst all groups of women. The basis of Transversal politics is this idea that most women share the same perception but each group of women deal with their issues in ways of their own understanding. According to Collins all individuals and groups possess various amounts of penalty and privilege, for example Collins sheds light on U.S. black women and how they are privileged by their citizenship but penalized for their gender. So when we analyze transversal politics we are able to see how women from other cultures identify similarities and how the various groups of women can be seen as being oppressed, therefore each group of women will have their unique way of explaining the issues of oppression and how it affects them. If we understand this standpoint we are able to further our understanding of how transversal politics serves as avocation for unity amongst women globally. As said before as women we all deal with issues that may share sameness but how we choose to resolve our issues may be a to help other women move forward as a whole.

Semiotic Analysis of Girlfriends season 1 episode 16, ” Friends. Colleagues, Brothers”

The hit show, Girlfriends was an American comedy drama sitcom that ran for eight years on UPN and later on The CW network. It was one of the highest rated scripted shows on television amongst African American adults and women from the ages of eighteen to twenty four. The main character, Joan Clayton is played by Tracee Ellis Ross; Clayton is a junior partner lawyer at Goldberg, Swedelson, McDonald and Lee. The additional central roles are played by black women as well are Toni, Maya and Lynn who also are representations of how African American women are portrayed in today’s society. I chose to analyze this show because it is respectable in the aspect in how the show represents African American women in contemporary times. I see Joan as the “Black Lady”, that Patricia Hill Collins mentions in Black Feminist Thought. The “Black lady”, is depicted as a middle class professional woman who stayed in school worked hard and achieved much, she also represents a modern version of politics of respectability according to Collins. This is why I picked to analyze Season 1, episode 16 “Friends, Colleagues, Brothers”.

In this episode Joan is at her wits end with the boy’s club mentality at the firm, I watched as he was ignored and passed over for important cases, cases she felt were necessary to be a part of if she wants to become full panther. In a board room meeting Joan is the only woman and black woman at that in a room full of men. Joan’s friend and colleague William interrupters her or in Joan’s eyes cuts her off, while she is explaining her idea on deformation. At this point now that William has the ears of his colleagues explaining his idea on deformation and his colleagues agree with him. William also receives praise from his boss Mr. Swedlson, at this point Joan is highly upset and comes out with a dramatic outburst of how she should be second chair and not William, William is surprised that Joan would say something like that. At this point Joan is openly expressing in a hostile manner how she has been cut off, ignored and dismissed by all the men in room day after day. She feels that out of all people William should know better because they are both black. Joan then ask Sherri who is a white woman but a woman nonetheless to back her up but Sherri just gives Joan a look and body language like you’re on your own. At this point all the men are looking at Joan as if she is crazy from having such an outburst. She then announces that this is the last time that she will tolerate such behavior from these men anymore and then storms out. Joan is now in her office trying to calm down as she vents to her sassy finger snapping and head bopping assistant Maya. Joan expresses to Maya that she gave away all her power and Maya informs Joan that she didn’t have much power to begin. Joan is still feeling upset about what happens but she blames it on William and in shock Maya explains to Joan that William is one of them but Joan corrects her by saying that he is one of us. I think by this statement Joan meant that William is black just like them and he should have had her back by choosing his race over his gender. Here is where things get real, Joan and William have a talk in Joan’s office and William is looking for and apology from Joan but Joan feels that William should be the one apologizing. Joan receives a justification in a form of an apology from William, he expresses that he apologizes for being a Cracker Jack lawyer and winning the approval of his superiors despite Joan’s efforts to undermine him. William felt that Joan had verbally assaulted him in front of his colleagues to gain the spot of becoming second chair or co-counsel. The two go back and forth on who is right and who is wrong. William then expresses that Joan is his friend and since they are friend he thought that Joan would have at least pulled him to the side and told him how she felt instead of embarrassing him.

Joan expresses herself by saying they are more that friends and that they are the only two black attorneys in the firm and that it already hard enough and he should have had her back. William becomes upset that Joan played the race card and Joan accuses William of not being loyal to his people. William fires back at Joan by saying since he cut her off one time that makes him the “house nigger”. William lets Joan know that he is not focusing on color and him being a “black man”, when he walks into the firm but as an attorney who has earned his right to be there and he will treat Joan and everyone else the same but Joan corrects William by saying that William treats every man there the same.

I’m going to stop right there of giving a synopsis of the show, but as we can see Joan Clayton who African American woman who is the lead character is portrayed in a stereotypical way but a good that has some flaws. When she had the melt down in the board room meeting with her male colleagues we saw a different side of the “black lady”. We saw issues of race, gender; class, sexuality and power all take place in one room. Joan being a woman made her very vulnerable and the men did not respect her. Not only did she face the race issue amongst the elite white men in that room but she also had to deal with it with her own friend and colleague who share the same color skin but he has male privilege even though William is black just like Joan. I think this episode was a good catalyst to showcase the issue we’ve discussed in class about how black women deal with the issues of race, gender, class, sexuality, power and ideology.

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Chapters 11 &12 Black Feminist Epistemology

In chapters 11 and 12 of Black Feminist Thought, Collins introduces her readers to “Black Feminist Epistemology and “Toward a Politics of Empowerment”. Collins makes a point that the dominant epistemology of the U.S. and much of the western world has been defined and validated by elite white men. Even if White men themselves are not controlling epistemology, the society in which they have set up runs as a controlling force, for example schools, the media and our government. So where does Black women fit in, in this equation? Black women have always been stereotyped by society as some of the controlling images we’ve discussed in previous chapters. These stereotypes have made it hard for Black women to coexist in such a society but nonetheless Black women prevail. Black women have done so by expressing themselves through music, poetry and even political positions. Black Women like Condoleezza Rice help break down some of the stereotypes society has on us by proving that there are black women who have a respected voice. She also serves as an evident depiction of an educated black woman who held a high profile political position. “Even those who think they are familiar can reproduce stereotypes.” (Collins 272). Therefore the epistemology that elite white men have put in place is challenged because black women are breaking down the stereotypes of being welfare queens, hoochie mamas and mammies. Black women are so much more than what the media depicts us. Black women feminist like Angela Davis and Maya Angelou have challenged the elite white men epistemology by being knowledgeable and using that knowledge to back up the standpoint concerning black women in theory and pop culture. I think the empowerment of black women today is very important because if we are not empowered then that leaves room for society to do what they have always done to black women which is to try taint our image even though we have constantly broken down negative stereotypical depictions. As a black woman myself I too challenge the epistemology of the U.S. because I’m becoming knowledgeable of African American history and going through my own experiences in which I express through the arts and everyday conduct with my peers.

Assata Shakur documentary “Eyes of the Rainbow”

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Eyes of the Rainbow was an interesting documentary. The doumentary was about Assata Shakur who is a African American Black Panter and Black Liberaion Army leader. She escaped from prison and was given a polictal asylum in Cuba where she has lived for over a decade. The documentary takes place in Havana and Assata opens up about her history and her new life in Cuba. Throughout the documentary Assata sheds light on the Afro Cuban culture such as the Yoruba Orisha Oya. Assata also goes into depth about the struggle of African American and how women past and present have tried to proclaim social justice. There was also moments of song and dance which I found to be very moving. In an indirect way Assata also share with the viewers her decsion on becoming a mother in prison. she was also confined in a men’s prison which she explains to be awful. They treated her very unhumanly. Her family was a major support system for her while she was incarcerated which she says helped her get through. The film was very touching and informative. 

Chapters 3& 4 Mammies, Matriachs, and other Controlling Images

I found chapters three and four in Patricia Hill
Collins, Black Feminist Thought very interesting
especially chapter four because it put how society viewed black women in post-World
War II to today’s modern era. Collins argued and I quote, “Controlling images are
designed to make racism, sexism, poverty and other forms of social injustice appear
to be normal, and inevitable parts of everyday life” (77). I found this to be
true as Collin’s painted the history of how society viewed the black women, not
only then but even now. Collins spoke about five controlling images of the
black woman which were the Mammy, the Matriarch, the welfare mother or welfare
queen, the black lady, and finally the jezebel/hoochie. Collins indicated that portraying
African- American women as these stereotypes only help justify black women’s intersecting
oppression of race, class, gender and sexuality. For example the first controlling
image applied to black women was the mammy who was a faithful and obedient
servant whose image represents the status quo used to evaluate all black women
behavior or at least how whites would like black women to be. “The mammy image
is central to intersecting oppressions of race, gender, sexuality, and class. Regarding
racial oppression, controlling images like the mammy aim to influence Black
maternal behavior (Collins 80).”   (madamenoire.com).  I agree with Collins when she says in contemporary times the work performed by poor black women resembles duties long associated
with domestic service or duties like a mammy. Black women today still perform
similar task today as they did many years ago now just under a different setting
like in home care or a nanny. My next Controlling image I would like to speak
about that really struck a chord with me is the jezebel or the hoochie mama. I
feel out of all the controlling images that are out in the world “she” is the
most out there because she is mainstream in a lane all of her own on display
for the world to see. Collins states that the jezebel efforts to control the
black woman’s sexuality lie at the heart of the black women’s oppressions,
historical jezebels and contemporary hoochies represent a deviant Black female
sexuality. In today’s era there are thousands of jezebels in the media and I think
that the world view black women as a sex symbol. For example Nicki Minaj and
all the video vixens we see on tv. Those controlling images Collins speaks of
are still very much alive today. (filipspagnoli.wordpress.com)

Chapters 1 & 2 The Politics Of Black Femonist Thought & Distinguishing Features of Black Feminist Thought

In Patricia Hill Collin’s Black Feminist Thought, Collins states that Black women collectively have a distinct “standpoint” from which they view the larger society. I think what she means by this is as black women as a whole we all do share the same stigma from the world and how the how the world views “the black woman” which is not in such a positive light. However I do not feel that all black women share the same experiences because we all come from different upbrings and backgrounds that shapes us into our own. My experiences that I have have gone through are much differnet than lets say a black woman who looks black but has a white parent so they can’t really connect to my experience or vice versa. For example I have friends who are black but  but just because we share the same skin color does not mean we both grew up in single parent households like I did .At the same token not all black women may feel like they have been oppressed. Maybe the black woman as a whole but not indivually. Which collions states in her book and I quote, ” Despite the common challenges conffronting African American women as a group, individual Black women neither have identical experiences nor intpret experiences in a similar fashion” (Collins 30). My standpoint is that I hope all black women from all walks from life can come together and uplift each other and not feel like we have to put each other down because thats not a good look from other races to see us divided amongst our own people. I think I relate to Black feminism because whether I am aware of it or not I still have to fight in a world that is founded on white supremacy and male superiorty.